Baltimore City College

The Baltimore City College
Baltimore City College logo.png
Address
3220 The Alameda; also geographically:
Thirty-third Street and The Alameda

,
21218

United States
Information
School type
Motto"Palmam Qui Meruit Ferat" (from British Royal Navy Lord Admiral Horatio Nelson)
FoundedOctober 1839 (authorized March 1839)
CEEB code210035
PrincipalCynthia ("Cindy") Harcum[1] (B.C.C. '88)
Staff25[2]
Faculty76[3]
Grades912
GenderCoeducational (all male, 1839-1979)
Enrollment1363[1] (2018)
CampusUrban, 38 acres (.15 km2)
Color(s)Black      and orange     
AthleticsMaryland Public Secondary Schools Athletic Association (MPSSA) [since 1993]
Mascot"The Black Knight"
Team name"The Collegians" (since 1880s) and
/"The Black Knights" (since 1950)
"The Knights" (alternative)
RivalBaltimore Polytechnic Institute ("The Engineers") ("Poly")
AccreditationMiddle States Association of Colleges and Schools
Newspaper"The Collegian" (est. 1929)
Yearbook"The Green Bag" (est. 1896 - oldest public high school yearbook in America)
Budget$9.373 million (FY19)[4]
AffiliationsAdvanced Placement
Baltimore City Public Schools
International Baccalaureate
Website
Baltimore City College.jpg

The Baltimore City College, known colloquially as City, City College, B.C.C. and nicknamed "The Castle on the Hill" is a public magnet high school in Baltimore, Maryland, United States.[5] Authorized by the Baltimore City Council in March 1839, it was opened seven months later in October 1839 as "The High School", "City" is the third oldest active public high school in the U.S.A.[6] A citywide college preparatory school with a liberal arts focus, The Baltimore City College has selective admissions criteria based on entrance exams and middle school grades. The four-year City College curriculum includes the IB Middle Years Programme and the IB Diploma Programme of the International Baccalaureate curriculums since the mid 1980s.[7]

It is located on a 38 acres (0.15 km2) hill-top campus in Northeast Baltimore bordered by 33rd Street, The Alameda, and Loch Raven Boulevard.[8] The school's main building is a National Historic Landmark and has a Baltimore City Landmark designation.[9] According to the Maryland Historical Society, "The rough stone granite and limestone trim Collegiate Gothic architecture style structure is the highest point within the city limits. With a singular striking Gothic tower that stands 200 feet high, the building edifice and surrounding park-like campus hold scenic views of the distant downtown skyline of skyscrapers and Inner Harbor to the south.[10]

History

Print of the Central High School of Baltimore (later Baltimore City College), c.1869, old "Assembly-Rooms" building of the old Baltimore Dancing Assembly, built 1797 (third floor added 1835), on northeast corner of Holliday and East Fayette Streets, occupied 1843–1873
Rendering of the Baltimore City College first building (of two) on site facing North Howard Street alongside West Centre Street. Completed in 1875, it was designed by Baltimore City Hall municipal architect, George A. Frederick, unfortunately it collapsed only 17 years later in 1892 during construction of the Howard Street Tunnel by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.

Public pressure and increasing needs of the trade and commercial classes induced several political leaders to introduce resolutions into the old City Hall calling for the creation of a high school "in which the higher branches of English and classical literature should be taught exclusively". The resolution was unanimously passed by the Baltimore City Council on March 7, 1839, and signed by the tenth Mayor, Shepard C. Leakin.[11]

Accordingly, the Board of School Commissioners rented a townhouse structure, (probably two stories with a peaked roof and attic dormer window), 2 blocks northwest of the Baltimore City/County Courthouse on East Lexington Street, on a small narrow by-way of what was then called Courtland Street (now on the east side of current Saint Paul Street/Place, facing "Preston Gardens").

"The High School", as it was first called, opened its doors on October 20, 1839, with 46 students and one teacher/professor, Nathan C. Brooks (1809–1898), a renowned local Classics literature scholar, who also served as first principal for a decade.

The school moved several times at its beginnings and was housed in three different locations in its first three years before returning again to the original townhouse building on Courtland Street. Finally, in 1843, the City Council allocated $23,000 to acquire the vacant old landmark "Assembly Rooms" structure at the northeastern corner of East Fayette and Holliday Streets for the new school. The famous Assembly Rooms was operated by the old Baltimore Dancing Assembly and were the site of social functions for the upcoming middle class who did not yet have fine drawing rooms and mansions for throwing parties. In 1850, the City Council granted the Board of School Commissioners the right to confer graduates of the decade old high school with certificates of graduation, and the following year in the old Front Street Theatre, along the Jones Falls stream (between East Fayette and Lexington Streets) the high school held its first commencement ceremony under the name of the "Central High School of Baltimore" with well-known influential civic citizen and lawyer Severn Teackle Wallis (1816-1894), as its first speaker.[12]

In 1865, in accordance with a recommendation from the Board of Commissioners of the Baltimore City Public Schools, the school began offering a five-year track,[13] as part of a process aimed at elevating the school to the status of a college so that it could grant its graduates baccalaureate degrees. The following year, on October 9, 1866, the school was renamed "The Baltimore City College" (BCC) by the Baltimore City Council. The Council failed however to take any further action and refer the high school's status to the state legislature, the General Assembly of Maryland, and although the school changed nominally with its longer stricter curriculum, it was never granted the power by the state to confer Bachelor of Arts degrees.[14]

In late 1873, when a fire spread from the adjacent famous Holliday Street Theater to the "Assembly Rooms", the City Council dedicated new resources to erect a new building especially prepared for the City College. A lot was acquired on North Howard Street opposite West Centre Street and the Council allocated $150,000 for the construction of the new building designed by Baltimore architect Edmund G. Lind and municipal architect George C. Frederick, (9who among his many city projects was completing construction of the massive new domed Baltimore City Hall, then rising in the block across Holliday Street from old burnt City College / Central High and its Assembly Rooms structure).[15] The new English Gothic revival-styled building faced east on Howard Street and was adjacent to the magnificent Academy of Music (a Victorian decorative styled music hall and auditorium also constructed at the same time to the south - site of first presidential inaugural festivities of famed Daniel Coit Gilman for the newly opened Johns Hopkins University a year later in 1876, also used for the opening of the Enoch Pratt Free Library in 1882 / 1886), gift of philanthropist Enoch Pratt. The new Baltimore City College, now finally in a home especially built for its educational mission after 36 years, was dedicated on February 1, 1875. The school moved in the following week.[16]

The Tudor Gothic building which housed the school after only 17 years of use was undermined in 1892 by the construction of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad tunnel running north under Howard Street from Camden Street Station to the newly constructed Mount Royal Station and the City College collapsed, damaging several buildings around it j including several theaters and the Academy of Music.[17] After a long municipal political controversy for three years, by 1895, a new larger structure, designed in the Romanesque Revival style by the noted local architects Baldwin & Pennington, was erected on the same site, only turned to be facing the Centre Street northern side. This new building quickly became overcrowded and an annex was established on 26th Street. The addition did not help with the increase in school-aged youth beginning to attend City College by World War I (1914-1918). During the 1920s, alumni began organizing a campaign to provide the school with a more suitable building with campus grounds and, in 1926, ground was broken for a massive Collegiate Gothic stone castle designed by the architectural partnership of Buckler and Fenhagen on renamed "Collegian Hill" southwest of newly laid out 33rd Street and The Alameda boulevards in the newly developing northeast section of the city of the third major annexation act of 1919. This new structure cost almost $3 million and one of the most expensive public school projects at that time in America (criticized as an extravagance by The Baltimore Sun daily newspaper), and officially opened April 10, 1928.[18]

The school began preparing for admitting African American students following the landmark ruling Brown v. Board of Education in May 1954, two years after athletic and academic rival Baltimore Polytechnic Institute admitted its first then called Negro students in 1952 with little controversy. In that following September 1954, 10 African-American students enrolled quietly and peacefully at the City College and were welcomed by Principal Chester A. Katzenkamp, faculty and student body, unlike some disturbances and protest demonstrations at a few other city high schools such as Southern and Patterson Park.[19] The city school board also sent two African American men, Eugene Parker and Pierre H. Davis, to teach at the school in 1956. Parker taught at City College for 30 years in the Physical Education Department, serving as long-time varsity basketball coach in the 1970s and 80s. Davis taught for one year in Business Education, but returned as the school's first black principal 16 years later in 1971.[20]

In 1978, at the urging of protesting faculty and concerned alumni, City College's landmark "Castle" underwent its first major capital renovations requiring the school to temporarily relocate for two years. One year was spent at the then named Calvert Educational Center on East North Avenue and North Calvert Street (the former building housing arch-rival Baltimore Polytechnic Institute ("Poly") from 1913 to 1967, later renovated in the mid 1980s as school system administrative headquarters "Alice Pinderhughes Building") during 1978-1979. The second academic year saw the school housed on the basement level of neighboring all-female Eastern High School across Loch Raven Boulevard to the west from the Castle. When the B.C.C. campus reopened, the school welcomed women for the first time. The 140 years all-male tradition did not end easily; alumni and some faculty had argued for the uniqueness of a single-sex educational system. However, the Baltimore Board of School Commissioners ultimately voted to admit women citing constitutional concerns.[21]

Campus

"The Castle on the Hill", Baltimore City College, winter 2009-10

Baltimore City College stands on an expansive, tree-shaded 38-acre (153,781 m2) hill-top campus in northeast Baltimore at the intersection of 33rd Street and the Alameda.[8] The campus consists of two buildings: the Collegiate Gothic-style stone edifice known locally as the "Castle on the Hill" which sits in the center of the campus, and the power plant/workshops building east of the "Castle" opposite a faculty upper parking lot, with a 1958 music wing addition at the north end. In addition to providing the building's utilities, the power plant originally housed five workshops: an electrical shop, a mechanical shop, a metal shop, a printing shop, and a wood shop.[22] It currently houses the Coldstream-Homestead-Montebello community corporation headquarters since the early 1980s. Both buildings were designed by the Maryland architecture firm of Buckler and Fenhagen. Additional planned E-shaped wings of similar stone Gothic design to the north flanking the tower and front entrance and arched cloisters on the east and west sides providing for future additional expansion space for the secondary school plus a possible junior high (middle) and elementary schools complex were never completed, according to the 1924 award winning plan in a nation-wide competition from local architects Riggin Buckler and G. Corner Fenhagen - later modern successors Ayers Saint Gross).

The "Castle" features an iconic 150-foot-tall central tower (originally designed to hold a clock dial face and bell carillon) that is visible from many locations throughout the city. Just south of the main building is the recently renamed George Petrides Stadium at Alumni Field, the school's stadium, which serves as home to the school's athletic teams, succeeding earlier Kirk Field laid out several city blocks south along Kirk Avenue. During a major building renovation in 1978, a modern gymnasium wing replacing the 1928 "crackerbox" small gym on the south side was added to the southwest corner of the main building, facing Loch Raven Boulevard and adjacent old Eastern High School of 1938.

On June 30, 2003, the current building was placed on the National Register of Historic Places.[23] The listing of the building coincided with the structure's 75th anniversary.[24] On April 24, 2007, the building was designated a Baltimore City landmark, which means that the building's exterior cannot be altered without approval of the city Commission for Historical and Architectural Preservation (C.H.A.P.). [25] On June 21, 2007, the school's Alumni Association received a historic preservation award from Baltimore Heritage for its leadership role in preserving the building as an historic Baltimore landmark.

City College library

In its 87th year of the Castle of 2015, City launched a campaign to reconfigure and renovate its centerpiece B.C.C. Library, the first major change since the building reconstruction of 1977-1980, called the "Torch Burning Bright" campaign.[26][27][28]

The $2 million project added new spaces for resource stacks, new areas for studying and reading, including a casual reading room in the great hall under the tower (former Trophy Hall), new classroom and seminar spaces and conference rooms, a new location for B.C.C. school archives room (including display glass cabinets for City College memorabilia and rehanging oil painting portraits of B.C.C. principals), a listening and viewing room, reconfiguring the former Lecture Hall west end (Room 200 / 1928 "Music Room") restoring the original hardwood floor and office space. Additionally, the new City College library features new computers and access to online databases.[29] Construction of the new library commenced in January 2016.[30]

Academics

Mission

When it was authorized/founded in March 1839 as the flagship school of what later became the Baltimore City Public Schools, established 1829 by authority of the General Assembly of Maryland, "The High School" (later the Male High School, then the Central High School of Baltimore), and later eventually The Baltimore City College was charged with providing a unique classics- and liberal arts-based course of study and with holding all members of its school community to the highest standards of academic achievement and personal development.[2] The school's mission is to prepare its students to succeed in the best colleges In the United States.[2] The faculty and staff of the school strive to engage every student in a rigorous university preparatory study of liberal arts, provide strong extended academic and social support services, and to develop students who enjoy studying and learning. The school's ultimate goal is to produce competitive graduates who have an appreciation for scholarship, perform well on meaningful assessments, make meaningful contributions to society, behave with civility and respect, and perform as reasonable leaders.[2]

19th-century curriculum: the five-year course era

Prof. Nathan C. Brooks (1809–1898), first founding principal of "The High School", after 1844 known as "The Male High School", then "The Central High School of Baltimore" (now "The Baltimore City College" since 1866). Principal Brooks served for a decade to 1849

.

The creation of a male high school "in which the higher branches of English and classical literature should be taught exclusively" was authorized unanimously by the Baltimore City Council on March 7, 1839. The school opened its doors October 20, 1839 with 46 students.[31] Those enrolled were offered two academic tracks, a classical literature track and an English literature track. The sole instructor for both tracks was the educator and poet, Nathan C. Brooks, who also served as principal.[31] To accommodate the two tracks, Brooks split the school day into two sections: one in the morning from 9 am to 12 am, and another in the afternoon from 2 pm to 5 pm. During the morning session, students studied either classics or English; however, the afternoon was devoted to English.[31] In 1849, after a decade of service, Prof. Brooks resigned as principal of the school, which had now grown to include 232 students and 7 teachers, excluding Brooks. Well known in the Baltimore academic community, Brooks later went on to found and serve as president of the Baltimore Female College, one of the earliest girls colleges in America, sponsored by the Methodist Episcopal Church, located on Saint Paul Street, north of East Saratoga Street (a block west of the original "High School" in 1839), and later relocated on Park Avenue in the Bolton Hill neighborhood to the 1880s, when it closed, succeeded by later Goucher College.

Rev. Dr. Francis G. Waters, who had been the president of the Washington College, on the Eastern Shore of Maryland in Chestertown, succeeded Brooks. The following year the city council renamed the school "The Central High School of Baltimore" and granted the commissioners of the public schools the right to confer certificates to the high school's graduates, a practice still in place today.[32] By 1850, growing enrollment necessitated a reorganization of the school. Under the direction of Waters, the school day was divided into eight periods lasting forty-five minutes: four sessions were held in the morning and four in the afternoon. In addition to reorganizing the schedule, he divided the courses into seven different departments: Belles-letters and history, mathematics, natural sciences, moral, mental, and political science, ancient languages, modern languages and music. Each of the seven instructors was assigned to a distinct department and received the title of "professor".[33]

In 1850, the Baltimore City Council granted the school the authority to present its graduates with certificates of completion.[32] An effort to expand that academic power and allow the then-named "Central High School of Baltimore" to confer Bachelor of Arts degrees began in 1865, and continued the following year with the renaming of the institution as "The Baltimore City College" the retitling of its chief academic officer from "principal" to "president", along with an increase in the number of years of its course of study and the expansion of its courses. However, despite this early elevation effort, it ended unsuccessfully in 1869, although Baltimore City College continued for a number of years as a hybrid public high school and early form of junior college (later known as community college) which did not fully appear in America until the beginning of the 20th century. As the importance of college education increased toward the end of the 19th century, the school's priorities shifted to preparing students for college.[34]

20th-century curriculum: the A/B course era

In 1901, the course of study at Baltimore City College went through a series of further changes. The most significant was the reduction of the five-year course of study to four years; though students who entered prior to 1900 were allowed to complete the five-year course.[35] The new course, like the course it replaced, allowed graduates to be admitted to Johns Hopkins University without examination, and provided students with greater flexibility. Instead of requiring students to complete the same set of courses, it allowed students to choose their courses, as long as they completed 150 credits.[36] From 1927 to the early 1990s, the college preparatory curriculum at Baltimore City College was divided into two tracks: the "A" course and the "B" course.[37] Though both tracks were intended to provide students with the skills necessary for college, the "A" course was intended to be more rigorous, enabling students to complete sufficient college-level courses to enter directly into the second year of college. In the early-1990s, then-Principal Joseph Antenson removed the two-tier system because he believed it to be racially discriminatory.[38]

The 1960s and 1970s

Population decline in the city of Baltimore due to the decline of the passing bubble of the post-World War II "baby boom" during the late 1940s-1950s into the early 60s along with migration of middle-class white populations to the suburbs during the 1950s and 1960s, coupled with the failure of Baltimore City Public Schools officials to address infrastructure improvements needed in the school's deteriorating, then thirty-seven year old main academic building lead to a gradually declining public perception of the school's academic reputation, including a few tragic incidents of "hooliganism" and student shootings in the back/south corridor stairwell which caused screaming headlines in The Evening Sun.[39] In response, school administrators and faculty developed the "City Forever" grassroots movement for a strategic plan in 1965–66. The performance improvement plan also served as a call to action for the school community, resulting in formal recommendations from the Alumni Association spearheaded by Melvin Sykes (local prominent lawyer) and faculty member George Fisher among others, a series of student-led demonstrations marching with signs in neat jackets, suits and ties in front to B.C.P.S. headquarters on 25th Street, newspaper news articles, op-ed pieces and television news segments produced by alumni working as media professionals, plus numerous letters-to-the-editors of local newspapers submitted by students, parents, alumni and faculty teachers, and routine public comments in support of City College at School Board meetings at 25th Street. The public outcry stunned city leadership, which resulted in the district underscored by Castle alumnus Mayor William Donald Schaefer (Centennial Class of 1939), announcing a strong recommitment to Baltimore City College, its rebuilding and its unique role as the selective flagship high school of Baltimore public education at a packed auditorium rally under the glare of hot television local news cameras.[40]

Over the next decade, the local school system failed to delivery on its pledge to adequately fund the revitalized Baltimore City College curriculum proposed in 1966-1967 and enforce higher admissions standards.[41] In 1975, another generation of stalwart City students, faculty (led by English Prof. Frank Z. Thomas and others), and influential alumni like then-Mayor of Baltimore William Donald Schaefer '39 (later Governor and Comptroller of Maryland) and then-City Comptroller Hyman A. Pressman '33, again engaged in a series of coordinated campaigns, urging political leaders and members of the School Board to provide the resources and enforce the high standards the school needs to succeed. As a result, the City of Baltimore announced its plan to advance funds to complete a $9 million (in 1979 era values, enough to construct an entirely new high school from scratch) renovation of the school's main building and renewal of its infrastructure utilities and earmarked funding for a comprehensive, two-year study (1977–79).[42] Subject matter experts in education and pedagogy, school faculty, parents, alumni, and other members of the school community appointed by B.C.P.S. Superintendent John Crew formed the "New City College Task Force". The task force meeting regularly at school system headquarters on 25th Street, which combed through two decades of previous improvement plans, academic proposals, analyzing potential student population, other recently initiated "magnet" schools across America, past admissions and curriculum standards, examining toughening and experimental curricula, finally in a thick booklet issued recommended to the Board of School Commissioners a plan that included stricter admissions and retention standards, a revitalized humanities- and liberal arts-based curriculum, and the autonomy to selectively recruit new, committed highly qualified faculty (including returning past legendary qualified professors) and administrators, especially engaging a strong long-term principal with a regional search.[42]

The Baltimore City Board of School Commissioners ultimately accepted all but one of the task force's recommendations in 1979.[43] The group recommended maintaining the school's then-141-year-old tradition of all-male education. Citing concerns over conflicting federal and district court decisions which had not yet been resolved by the U.S. Supreme Court, the school board voted to make City a coeducational school. The board's action followed trends at the time at all-male colleges and universities like Harvard University, Yale University, and nearby Johns Hopkins University, which admitted women during the 1970s.[43]

The 1990s

By 1990, enrollment was declining and the academic program at Baltimore City College had once again become subpar compared to its historically high standards.[44] The Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools, the organization that had accredited the school for years, began raising questions about the institution's ability to offer students an academically rigorous course of study.[44] During this period of decline, the "A" Course was discontinued by newly appointed Principal Joseph Antenson, who contended that the program was racially discriminatory and opted for a standardized curriculum. Antenson was dismissed in 1992 after two tumultuous years as head of school and for the first time ever a private contractor was hired to operate Baltimore City College.[44]

In 1994, Joseph M. Wilson, a lawyer by trade with degrees from Amherst College (B.A.), the University of Pennsylvania (M.A.), the University of Southern California (J.D.), and Harvard University (M.A.), was appointed principal and with the support of alumni and parents, was able to secure more funding and additional autonomy from the Baltimore City Public Schools.[45] Wilson introduced the IB Diploma Program in 1998.[46] The turnaround Wilson orchestrated led to a quick resurgence and restoration of the school's academic reputation. Enrollment, student performance, and the quality of the colleges and universities to which graduates matriculated improved, which attracted critical acclaim from education professionals and international media attention.[47] In 2000, City College was recognized as a National Blue Ribbon School, the highest academic honor bestowed by the U.S. Department of Education.[48] In 2001, the Toronto National Post reported on its search for the perfect high school in Great Britain, the United States, and Canada. One subject of the prominent feature article was Baltimore City College and its turnaround.[49]

21st-century curriculum

International Baccalaureate (IB) is a rigorous, internationally accepted academic program required of all 21st century Baltimore City College students. The IB Middle Years Program is intended to teach freshman and sophomore students to understand how core subjects are interrelated, how to master critical thinking processes, and to increase intercultural awareness. As juniors and seniors, students engage in the rigorous two-year IB Diploma curriculum that requires a comprehensive study of world topics, literature, languages, science, and math. City College's IB certificate and diploma programs provide upperclassmen access to thirty advanced studies courses, which often translate into credit hours at colleges and universities worldwide.[50]

Despite some concerns of the school's alumni association,[51], school administrators proceeded with plans to expand the City College IB Program by incorporating the IB Middle Years Program into the 9th and 10th grade curricula. In addition to the IB courses, the school's academic program offers a small selection of Advanced Placement courses.[52]

International Baccalaureate course offerings

As of the 2015–2016 school year, the International Baccalaureate courses below are offered at the school. Some courses are offered at the higher level (HL) and standard level (SL).[53]

Graduation requirements

Students who successfully complete the school's required curriculum earn "The Baltimore City College Diploma" upon graduation, which has been granted for 169 years since 1851. The requirements are more stringent than those designated by the State of Maryland and its Department of Education for a regular public high school certificate.[2]

Requirements for "The Baltimore City College Diploma":

  • Successful completion of a minimum of one IB Diploma- or Certificate-level course, or AP course
  • Successful completion of the IB Personal Project
  • Physics or an advanced-level IB/AP science
  • Two Fine Arts courses (requirement waived for IB Diploma candidates)
  • Successful completion of the College Writing seminar (requirement waived for IB Diploma candidates and students enrolled in IB English IV)
  • Minimum cumulative GPA of 70%
  • Submit admission applications to a minimum of four colleges (including FAFSA submission)
  • Take the SAT or ACT at least two times
  • 75 hours of documented Service Learning activity

Admissions

Admission to The Baltimore City College is selective but is open to residents of Baltimore City and the surrounding counties in the metropolitan area, though non-Baltimore City residents must pay tuition. Applicants must meet all requirements for promotion to ninth grade, as determined by the Maryland State Department of Education. Additionally, applicants must earn a minimum composite score of 610, calculated by Baltimore City Public Schools.[54] Generally, candidates for admission must have a 3.0 overall numeric grade average (B letter grade; 80 or better percentage grade), have at least a 3.0 average in both Mathematics and English, rank in the 65th percentile or better among all Maryland students in Math and English on the Maryland School Assessment (MSA) test, and have 90% or better attendance rate. Due to the highly competitive nature of the City College admissions process, successful applicants typically exceed the aforementioned minimums. J.D. Merrill, (BCC '09), is the school's current Director of Admissions and Institutional Advancement.[55]

Enrollment

There were 1,309 students enrolled at The Baltimore City College in 2015. Of those students, 43 percent were male and 57 percent were female. 85 percent of the total student body identifies as African-American. 10 percent of students at the school identify as Caucasian. Roughly two percent of City College students identifies as Hispanic. One percent of the total student population identifies as Asian.[56]

Baltimore City College Student Enrollment
1839: 46 1851: 287 1900: 600 1928: 2500
1945: 1422 1964: 3880 1967: 3088 1997: 1279
2007: 1353 2009: 1319 2011: 1315 2015: 1309

Athletics

The Baltimore City College "B" varsity letter - symbolizing its role as the first and premier "Baltimore" secondary school

Interscholastic athletics at Baltimore City College date back over 120 years. Though varsity sports were not formally organized until 1895, interscholastic athletics became a fixture at the school earlier in the 19th century.[57] In the late-1890s, City's "Collegians" competed in the Maryland Intercollegiate Football Association (MIFA), a nine-member league consisting of colleges in Washington, D.C. and Maryland.[58] City College was the lone secondary school among MIFA membership. The 1895 football schedule included St. John's College, Swarthmore College, the United States Naval Academy, University of Maryland, and Washington College.[59] Between 1894 and 1920, City College regularly faced off against the Johns Hopkins Blue Jays and the Navy Midshipmen in lacrosse.[60][61]

B.C.C. began competing against other regional secondary schools in 1919 when it was the prime mover and invited to join the Maryland Scholastic Association (M.S.A.) as a founding member of the pioneering public-private-parochial school athletic league, (led by its future principal 20 years later), Dr. Phillip H. Edwards.[62] After 75 years of governing Baltimore-metro area boys' high school athletics, the Maryland Scholastic Association dissolved in 1993 when its 15 public school members, including City College, were forced to withdrew from the long-time traditional league by a new city schools superintendent to join the Maryland Public Secondary Schools Athletic Association (MPSSAA) organized in 1946 for only public schools in other counties of the state.[63] The "Collegians"/"Black Knights" currently compete with other state-wide public secondary schools in the MPSSAA (Class 3A, North Region, District 9), more commonly referred to as the Baltimore City League (Division 1), but routinely schedule contests against area private schools in various sports.

The current City College varsity athletic program consists of 18 sports: six for boys, seven for girls, and five coeducational teams. The boys' sports includes baseball, basketball, football, lacrosse, soccer, and wrestling. The girls' sports are badminton, basketball, lacrosse, soccer, softball, and volleyball. The five co-ed sports are cross country, indoor track and field, swimming, outdoor track and field, and tennis. Girls' sports were added to City's athletic department in the fall of 1979 when the school became coeducational for the first time in its then-139-year-old history.

Basketball

Basketball has been played at The Baltimore City College for more than a century and a quarter to the end of the 19th century and the beginnings of scholastic organized basketball. One of the earliest recorded results in program history is a one-point overtime road loss to the University of Maryland at College Park's "Terrapins" (then known as the Maryland Agricultural College "Aggies" or "Cadets" since founding in 1856) on January 25, 1913.[64] Annual summaries of each athletic team's record and accomplishments are published in the sports section of the B.C.C. annual yearbook "The Green Bag", dating to its first publication in 1896, as one of the oldest high school yearbooks in America. Baltimore City College currently competes in District 9 (Baltimore City League) of the MPSSAA.[65]

Football

The Baltimore City College football program began in the mid-1870s, and has won more than 20 M.S.A.'s "A"-Conference and MPSSAA championships in its history. The "Collegians"/"Knights" primarily competed against are colleges and universities throughout the 1880s and 1890s because few secondary schools existed at the time.[59] The program began competing against other high schools at the beginning of the 20th century, and has held since 1941 the record for the longest streak of games played without a loss in MSA and MPSSAA history.[66] The "Collegians"/"Knights" played 54 consecutive games without a loss between 1934–1941.[66] Harry Lawrence, (coincidentally a distinquished "Poly" athletic star) who guided the "Castlemen" to a 38-game undefeated streak between 1936 and 1940 (including 35 wins, three ties, and four MSA championships), remains City College's most successful head football coach.[67]

City–Poly rivalry (1889–present)

The City-Poly football rivalry is the oldest American football rivalry in Maryland, and one of the oldest public school football rivalries in the United States.[68] The rivalry began in 1889, when City College met the Baltimore Polytechnic Institute (Poly) at Clifton Park for a football scrimmage in which City's freshman team beat Poly.[68][69] City remained undefeated in the series until 1908.[70]

With City's 32-14 win in 2018, the series is tied at 62-62-6.[71]

Extracurricular activities

Baltimore City College offers more than 20 student clubs and organizations. These include chapters of national organizations such as the National Honor Society (established at the school in 1927) and Quill and Scroll. Service clubs include the Red Cross Club and Campus Improvement Association.[72] Other activities include the Drama Club, which produces an annual play, the Art Club, Model UN, Band, Dance, and One City One Book, an organization that invites the entire school community to read one book selected by faculty and invites the author of the book for a reading, discussion, and question and answer period.[72] In 2007, Pulitzer Prize winner, MacArthur Fellow, and novelist Edward P. Jones discussed his book Lost in the City. The school store is operated by students and managed by the Student Government Association. One of City College's most notable academic teams is the It's Academic team which participates on It's Academic, a local television quiz show syndicated/carried on regional stations including local WJZ-TV (Channel 13) since 1971.[72]

Speech and debate/literary and debating societies

The Baltimore City College debate team has a long and storied tradition that dates back over 150 years. The speech and debate teams are formally referred to as the Bancroft and Carrollton-Wight Literary Societies. The school's first formal debate team was established in 1876 as the Bancroft Literary Association.

Today, the speech and debate team competes in various speech events, Student Congress, Mock Trial, "Lincoln-Douglas debate", and Policy Debate against teams throughout Maryland and routinely travels around theUnited States to compete on the national circuit.

Bands and orchestra

Baltimore City College Marching Knights' halftime show at M&T Bank Stadium, November 10, 2007

The marching band at Baltimore City College was created in the late 1940s. At the time, the instrumental music program consisted of the orchestra, concert band and marching band. The director who brought the band to prominence was Dr. Donald Norton. In 1954, while on sabbatical, he was replaced by Professor Charles M. Stengstacke who served into the early 1970s. The 65 member concert band doubled as a marching band in the fall. During halftime performances at home the band would form the shape of a heart or a car, but always ending the performance by forming the letters C-I-T-Y. Its "City-Poly Game" half-time shows at old Memorial Stadium on Thanksgiving Day where the Colts and the Orioles played were legendary.[73]

In the 1980s, under James Russell Perkins, these groups grew in size and changed styles, adding "soulful" dance steps. Perkins's groups toured and traveled the east coast. They received superior ratings at district and state festivals. Perkins is responsible for the creation of the City College Jazz Band, the "Knights of Jazz". In 1994, Alvin T. Wallace became Band Director. During his tenure, a wind ensemble was added and the marching band grew to include over 150 members. In 1999, the band swept the top categories in the Disney World high school band competition.[74] In 2006, the wind ensemble received a grade of superior at the district adjudication festival and marched in the Baltimore Mayor's Christmas Day Parade.[75]

Choirs

The choir performing the "Battle Hymn of the Republic" at the school's 2006 Hall of Fame Assembly

The Baltimore City College music program was renewed with enthusiasm by Prof. Blanche Bowlesby (Hall of Fame member) in the mid-1930s, the first female member of the Castle faculty. The BCC Choir was founded in 1950 by Professor Donald Regier along with the BCC Glee Club which lasted until the early 1970s. In the late 1950s, the singing men recorded a 33 rpm album featured the newly composed school hymn "Castle on the Hill", written by senior Charles Beatty, (BCC '58), and the school's iconic sports fight song "City Forever", composed by W. Eugene Milby, ('23), sung lustily with fervor by generations of Collegians for almost a hundred years. Originally a co-curricular subject with only 18 members, by 1954 it had developed into a major subject of study with 74 students enrolled.[76] Under the direction of Linda Hall, today's enthusiastic vibrant choir consists of four groups: the Mixed Chorus, the Concert Choir, the Singin'/Swingin' Knights, and the Knights and Daze Show Choir.[77]

The Mixed Choir is opened to all students at City College and currently has a membership of approximately 135 students. The Concert Choir is a more selective group consisting of about 50 students, who must audition for their places in the choir. The Singin'/Swingin' Knights is an even more selective group composed of 25 students. The Knights and Daze Show Choir is a group of students, who perform a choreographed dance routine while they sing. With the exception of the Knights and Daze Show Choir, which performs jazz and pop music, the choir's repertoire consists of gospel music, spirituals,[77] and Classical works by composers such as German George Frideric Handel and Michael Praetorius.

The choir has traveled to Europe on several occasions. Its first trip was in 1999, after receiving an invitation to perform at the Choralfest in Arezzo, Italy.[78] In 2003, the choir returned to Italy to perform at the annual Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.[77] The choir has also performed in France and Spain.[77] On October 2, 2007, the Weill Institute of Music at Carnegie Hall in New York City announced that the City College choir was one of four high school choirs selected to participate in the National High School Choral Festival on March 10, 2008. The four choirs will perform Johannes Brahms' A German Requiem under the direction of Craig Jessop, Mormon Tabernacle Choir Director. The choirs will also be led by their own directors in performing choral selections of their choosing.[79]

Student publications

The Green Bag

The Green Bag is the senior class annual at the Baltimore City College. Published continuously since 1896 - almost 123 years now, it is the oldest publication still in existence at the school and is one of the oldest high school or college yearbooks in America.[80] G. Warfield Hobbs Jr. (later an Episcopal priest), president of the 1896 senior class and first editor-in-chief of The Green Bag, gave the publication its name in recognition of the role of City College graduates in political leadership. Historically, the famous green "carpet bag" in the 19th century containing the lists of political appointees (also known as "patronage") of the Governor of Maryland to be approved by the General Assembly of Maryland has long been known as the "green bag", and often cited in local daily newspapers such as The Baltimore Sun and the former Baltimore News-Post and Baltimore American whenever political appointments are announced though the derivation of the term is unknown. The term became synonymous with "good news" and "glad tidings", such as could be applied to the feelings that recent graduates felt when seeing and reading their new yearbooks published soon after their graduations.[81]

Possibly inspired by the introduction of "The Hullabaloo" several years earlier at the then adjacent Johns Hopkins University (then on North Howard and West Centre Streets), which BCC served as an unofficial preparatory school for. The first yearbooks contained sketches of faculty and seniors, and included recollections, anecdotes, stories, and quotes significant to the student body. Underclassmen were included for the first time with individual portraits in the growing student body in 1948. In 2007, "The Green Bag" released its first full-color edition, one of the most colorful since color printing of photographs was first introduced in "The Bag" in 1963 and again in 1967. For many years the annual was printed by the local well-known printer/publisher of H.G. Roebuck and Son, owned by a City alumnus up to 1970, afterwards by national firms such as American Yearbook Company and Taylor Publishing Company.[82] The most controversial and locally famous issue of "The Green Bag" was its fifth issue, published in the year of 1900 when members of the senior class used the annual to make fun of their professors. Expose articles his the several local daily newspapers. The Baltimore City Board of School Commissioners attempted to censor the edition by requiring The Green Bag to be reviewed by Principal Francis A. Soper. The yearbook had already been printed, and in defiance of the school board, the editors refused to have the edition censored and reprinted. The School Board responded by withholding the diplomas of six of the editors and the business manager and by preventing the school from holding a public commencement ceremony. One of the boys expelled, Clarence Keating Bowie, later became a member of the School Board himself in 1926. The infamous cartoon was later finally printed for the first time in a "Bag" three-quarters of a century later in an opening segment on school history (a GB tradition) in 1972.[83]

The Collegian

The Collegian with its long-time byline slogan of "Serving the students of the Baltimore City College" has been the school student newspaper of record at B.C.C. since it was first published as a bi-weekly newspaper in 1929, the year following City College's arrival on "Collegian Hill" at "the Castle on the Hill".[84] There have been other similar publications, such as The Oriole, the student magazine which started printing in 1912 and endured for several decades with news/features/poetry and humor, however The Collegian is oldest, continuous student-run publication. Originally, the newspaper was both managed and printed by students. During the 1930s up into the early 1970s, The Collegian regularly won numerous awards including second place in the Columbia Scholastic Press Association (Columbia University in New York City) and National Scholastic Press Association's (at University of Minnesota in Minneapolis) annual contest for five years in a row. Numerous later journalists, reporters, editors in local and national media have gotten their first journalism experiences in the pages of City's "paper of record". A City tradition was the holding of an annual "Collegian Press Conference" for staff of neighboring high schools and junior high schools exploring principles of scholastic journalism.[84] Since 2000 with the advance of the internet, printing of the publication has been scaled back. The Collegian is now published quarterly, often with a bonus issue around the time of the annual City-Poly football game. Since 2014, The Collegian also actively engages students and alumni through various social media platforms on "Facebook" and "Twitter".[85]

Alumni Association

2007 Hall of Fame ceremony

The Baltimore City College Alumni Association Inc. (BCCAA) was established in 1866 as a support network for City College. The BCCAA holds an annual meeting at the school every November and its Board of Governors meets the first Monday of each month at the school.

The BCCAA publishes the class reunion guide, established and maintains a life membership endowment fund, presents Golden Apple Awards annually to faculty members, sponsors the Hall of Fame selection and induction, publishes a semi-annual newsletter, maintains an alumni database, and assists with projects designed to enrich student life and improve the school's facilities.

Trustees of the Baltimore City College Scholarship Funds

The Trustees of the Baltimore City College Scholarship Funds, Inc., was reorganized, established and incorporated in 1983, and replaced a similar entity that was established earlier in 1924. The Trustees manage endowments, most of which provide annual scholarships to graduating seniors based on criteria stipulated by the donors, plus various prizes/awards for various departments and programs at the year-end "Farewell Assembly". Combined endowment assets are currently valued at or around $1.68 million (adjusted for inflation) covering thirty-four annual scholarships.[86] To recognize the custodianship provided by the Trustees, the BCCAA has placed a bronze plaque in the main /first floor front hall of the Castle which carries an individually cast nameplate for each of the thirty-four permanent endowments held by the Trustees.[87]

Baltimore City College Hall of Fame

The Baltimore City College Hall of Fame induction ceremony began in the mid-1950s, now sponsored by the BCC Alumni Association and is held annually in October, near "Founder's Day" (October 10th, 1839). Originally it was scheduled in March on "Authorization Day" (March 10th, 1839) so as not to conflict with the long-standing historical remembrances of the "Founders' Day" assembly. Alumni and occasionally faculty who have demonstrated extraordinary service to the school, city, county, state, country, or world are elected to the Hall of Fame, with former inductees, alumni, and students attending the two-hour ceremony, often with media coverage. Inductees have included Vice-President at Goldman Sachs Robert Hormats in 2007,[88] and Maryland State Delegate Curt Anderson in 2013.[89]

Notable alumni

Many City College alumni have become civil servants, including several Governors of Maryland and Mayors of Baltimore, three of the 10 individuals currently representing the state of Maryland in the U.S. CongressHouse of Representatives - Congressman Elijah Cummings, Congressman Dutch Ruppersberger (also former County Executive of surrounding suburban Baltimore County), and United States Senator Ben Cardin.[90] Among graduates with significant military service are two Commandants of the U.S. Coast Guard – Rear Admiral Frederick C. Billard[91] and Admiral J. William Kime,[92] as well as 2nd Lieutenant Jacob Beser of the U.S. Army Air Corps[93] the only individual to serve on both of the two atomic bomb missions over Japan at Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, ending the Second World War. In addition, three City College alumni are also recipients of the congressional Medal of Honor, the nation's highest military award.[94][95]

The list of BCC alumni also includes prominent scientists, notable writers/authors/editors and successful businessmen.

Notable faculty members

Coach Eugene Parker, 1984

Principals

Principal Cindy Harcum and basketball team captain Bond at ceremony recognizing state championship in the House of Delegates chamber of the General Assembly of Maryland, at the Maryland State House in Annapolis, March 2014
  • Nathan C. Brooks (1839–1849), first principal of "The High School".
  • Rev. Francis G. Waters (1849–1853), second principal of the then renamed "Central High School of Baltimore" and President of Washington College in Chestertown, Maryland.
  • George Morrison
  • Dr. Thomas D. Baird
  • William Elliott
  • Francis A. Soper (1890–1911), longest serving tenured principal of 21 years[107]
  • Wilbur F. Smith (1911–1926)
  • Dr. Frank R. Blake (1926-1932)
  • Dr. Phillip H. Edwards (1932-1948)
  • Chester H. Katzenkamp (1948-1956)
  • Henry T. Yost (1956-1963)
  • Dr. Julius G. Hlubb (1963-1967)
  • Dr. Jerome G. Denaburg (1967-1970)
  • Pierre H. Davis, (1970–1974), first Black principal and one of two Afro-American faculty members.
  • Dr. Solomon Lausch (1979- x)
  • Dr. Joseph Antenson
  • Ms. Doris Johnson (acting - twice)
  • Dr. Joseph Wilson
  • Cynthia (Cindy) Harcum (2010–present), one of the early female graduates after coeducation in 1980 of the City College, later became its female principal.

Notes

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References

  • Daneker, David C., editor (1988). 150 Years of the Baltimore City College. Baltimore: Baltimore City College Alumni Association.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  • Leonhart, James Chancellor (1939). One Hundred Years Of Baltimore City College. Baltimore: H.G. Roebuck & Son.
  • Steiner, Bernard C. (1894). History of Education in Maryland. Washington: Government Printing Office. ISBN 0-384-57825-X.
  • Sirota, Wilbert, editor; Neil Bernstein (1954). The Green Bag 1954. Baltimore: Baltimore City College Class of 1954.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)

External links

Original: Original:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baltimore_City_College